Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal
Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world is located in India, the country located in the South Asia. Taj Mahal is indeed the greatest landmark for India, but apart from that it is also the one of the greatest specimens of architectural creation on the surface of the earth, one of the most beautiful archaeological and historic monuments in the world and is also one of the UNESCO enlisted World Heritage Sites. It id difficult to stop describing Taj Mahal for any one because its beauty and appearance is hard to express in words and all because of two persons, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.
The names of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are taken with Taj Mahal because without these two persons, Taj Mahal wouldn’t have been created. Built in the middle of 17th century, or to to be more specific, in the year 1648, Taj Mahal is actually a mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal, the beloved wife of Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor, who was not only a great person but was also known as a patron of art, crafts and architecture. Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the fond memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Thus Taj Mahal is not only a historic and archaeological monument but also great symbol of love between two person.
Taj Mahal, one of the greatest specimens of architectural wonders is the monument that speaks about the wonderful relation between Mughal emperor Shah Japan and his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The pillars, the walls, the tombs, the garden in the compound, the fountains, the water tank are all marvelous things that would take you back to the days, when the relation between Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal existed. The strange silence inside the monument complex would make you feel the pain that forced Shah Jahan to build this wonderful thing in the memory of his wife.
Speaking about the relation between Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal we must say a thing or two about their life. The meeting of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal dates back to the year 1612, when they got married. At that time both the Mughal emperor and his ‘Begum’ were teenagers and was recognized in her real name, Arjumand Banu. It was the great Mughal emperor who changed the name of his beloved wife and renamed her as Mumtaz Mahal. In her short span of life Mumtaz Mahal gave birth to 14 children and became the most favorite wife for his husband. But unfortunately the loving relationship between Shah Jahand Mumtaz came to a stand still after her death in the year 1629. a grieving Shah Jahan thus decided to build Taj Mahal in the memory of Mumtaz and work for constructing the mausoleum was started in the year 1631 and was completed in the year 1648.
The love between Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal is also very clearly evident from the fact that when the emperor was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in the Agra Fort, Shah Jahan used to stare at Taj Mahal through a glass window of the fort. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are still together inside Taj Mahal as he was buried just beside his queen’s grave.
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