History of Taj Mahal
Located in the city of Agra in the Northern part of the country, Taj Mahal is the greatest landmark for India. Taj Mahal is something which can be described in many ways. Taj Mahal is one of the greatest specimens of architectural creations on the surface of the earth, one of the most most beautiful archaeological monuments in the world, one of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites and is counted as one of the seven wonders of the world. Besides, Taj Mahal is also the greatest tourist attraction in the country. Millions of tourist from all parts of the world visit Taj Mahal in Agra throughout the year for experiencing its breathtaking beauty and brightness. Besides, the rich and colorful history of Taj Mahal is also a major reason behind its popularity as a tourist attraction.
Speaking about the history of Taj Mahal it has to be mentioned that Taj Mahal is not only a unique specimen of architectural wonder but is also the greatest evidence of Mughal art and architecture. If you are thinking that the history of Taj Mahal is linked to the Mughal empire, that ruled India for a long time, then you are absolutely right. Taj Mahal is indeed a great gift to India by the Mughals who invaded the country and did a lot for its development.
History of Taj Mahal dates back to the early 17th century, more specifically to the year 1631, when it was established in the city of Agra, one of the greatest center for arts and cultural activities in those days. History of Taj Mahal speaks about the great sense of arts and crafts of the then Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, be cause it was he who built this wonderful monument. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan decided to construct Taj Mahal on the bank of Yamuna river in the fond memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz.
History of Taj Mahal is great not only because it is a part of the Mughal empire but it also speaks in detail about the sense of art and architecture in the people of that age. The architecture of Taj Mahal, which is one of the greatest in the world speaks about the great combination of traditional Mughal art and architecture and Persian, Turkish, Indian and typical Islamic architecture. The use of white marbles for building the interior and exterior part of the wonderful monument speaks about the sense of beauty in the Mughals. Apart from all these history of Taj Mahal also speaks about the life of the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and his relation with his sons and daughters. Aurangzeb’s relation with Shah Jahan. His decision to confine his father in the Agra fort is also an important part of the history of Taj Mahal.
Speaking about the history of Taj Mahal, a few words have to be said about the people who actually created this marvelous thing by using their sense, experience and sense of architecture. Though there is some controversy about the chief architect of Taj Mahal, it is considered that the name of Ustad Mohammad Al Zahauri was appointed by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to design and lead the group of architects for building Taj Mahal.