Full Form of DNB

Full Form of DNB

Diplomate of National Board

DNB Full Form is Diplomate of National Board. Currently, it is popular as CET-NBE (Centralized Entrance Exam-National Board of Examination). It refers to the entrance exam. Candidates who clear this exam are eligible for 3-year training in DNB accredited colleges and institutions. This exam is held two times in a year in June and December.


This 3-year PG residency program is offered in various specialties such as anatomy, anesthesiology, dermatology, biochemistry, family medicine, forensic medicine, general surgery, microbiology, and several other specialties. There are several subspecialties for DNB including critical care medicine, high-risk pregnancy and perinatology, interventional cardiology, spine surgery, and more.

Full Form of DNB
Full Form of DNB


DNB Full Form – Additional Information

Medical education in India is one of the most popular education systems in the country. There are many participants, both at undergraduate and postgraduate level, in medical science and there is no question why. After all, in India, engineering, and medical science are two most lucrative industries in the country.


Medical science provides interested candidates with many courses and career options and that is why it is one of the most diverse fields to study. While some courses and career options are mainstream, there are a few courses, which though not known extensively, have their own importance and relevance in the field of medical science. One such example is Diplomate of National Board of Medical Examiners.


Diplomate of National Board of Medical Examiners, which will hereinafter be referred to as DNB, is the title that National Board of Examinations (abbreviated as NBE) awards. The NBE is an autonomous institution that functions under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the Union Government. The title is awarded to those who have finished off their postgraduate or postdoctoral degree courses. The aforementioned paragraphs give a general introduction to the DNB and therefore needs further elaboration upon the same.


National Board of Examinations

National Board of Examinations is an autonomous institution functioning under the aegis of the Ministry of Health, the Union Government. The institution was established in the year 1975 and is situated in New Delhi. The purpose of NBE is to provide for standardizing postgraduate education in medical science. The NBE awards the Diplomate of National Board.


The board awards a list of qualifications that are approved by the Union Government and all of these qualifications are included in First Schedule annexed in Indian Medical Council Act 1956. The NBE is the institution responsible for the organization of the biggest portfolio of exams relating to medical science. In the year 2014, the institution has conducted examinations for 150,000 medical graduates that was itself a record.


The officials of NBE include eminent persons in the field of medical science, which are nominated by the Union Government. Apart from these, ex officio functionaries such as Chairman of University Grants Commission (abbreviated as UGC), Secretary to Human resources Department of the Government of India, Additional Secretary to the Ministry of Health, President of the Medical Council of India (abbreviated as MCI), President of the Dental Council of India (abbreviated as DCI, etc.


Recognition given to DNB qualifications

The Government of India has recognized the DNB degrees and publishes a Gazette for the same. A notification was released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare declaring that DNB stands equivalent to MD, MS, DM, and MCh. The failure rate in DNB examinations is higher than that of MS or MD. This is particularly true for Internal Medicine, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Anaesthesiology, General Surgery, Pediatrics, Family Medicine, Pathology, and General Surgery. Thus, the DNB qualifications have an immense reputation in the country and abroad.

Eligibility criteria for DNB

The eligibility criteria is as follows:

  • Those candidates who have obtained medical degrees from Universities abroad and have in their possession permanent registration certificate which is issued by the State Medical Council or the Medical Council of India are eligible. Such interested candidates should have finished their internship (which is for the duration of one year) on or before the last date to submit an application form for DNB.
  • Those candidates who possess Provisional Registration certificate that is issued by the State Council of India or the Medical Council of India and are about to finish their internship programme before the last date to submit application form expires are eligible to apply but it is subject to submission of certificate issued by the Head of the Institution or Hospital that it is likely the candidate will complete his or her internship.
  • The candidate has to submit provisional documents such as Internship Competition, Permanent Registration certificate etc. It is important to submit all these documents at the time of filing application form.

Course structure of DNB

The following is the course structure of DNB:

  • Academic sessions: There are certain days which are kept for conducting academic sessions generally in the form of lectures. The lectures may last for three to four days every week.
  • Seminars and other discussions: There is an organization of a DNB seminar and a presentation every week for students.
  • Paper presentation: Every student is required to choose a topic after consulting with the assigned program coordinator and accordingly submit a paper in a state or national conference.
  • Audits or Projects: Students are required to opt for at least one project title within two months after joining. The decision in this regard is to be taken in consultation with the assigned program coordinator. The project title needs to be duly approved by the Institutional review Board (which is also known as Ethics Committee). It is considered better that the more a student has projects, the better it is.
  • Thesis: The student is required to decide and get his thesis title approved within one month after joining the programme. All students have to complete their thesis within six months before the organization of the final examination. Up until the competition of the thesis, the student is required to submit updates on progress to his or her assigned programme
  • Workshops/Conferences: The student will be given an opportunity to attend one workshop or conference organized outside the institute. Once the paper is selected for the workshop, the student is required to submit registration fee and information on other expenses such as on travel and lodging. The student is required to apply for permission from the Director of the Institute and the Academics In-charge.
  • Teaching: The students are provided with training on teaching skills so as to prepare the student for professional teaching.


Some of the super speculates available under this programme include Haematology, Neonatology, Rheumatology, Cardiology, Medical genetics, Endocrinology, Neurology, Plastic Surgery, etc.