Full Form of PMS – Symptoms of PMS – Causes of PMS

Full Form of PMS:

Pre-Menstrual Syndrome

PMS Full Form is Pre Menstrual Syndrome. PMS refers to those physical and emotional symptoms that occur in a woman prior two weeks before a woman’s period. These symptoms often vary from women to women and ends up when the bleeding starts.

Symptoms of PMS:

It has a wide variety of symptoms such as mood swings, fatigue, tender breasts, irritability, food cravings, acne, swelling, etc. Almost three out of five women experience such form of premenstrual syndrome. The pattern of these symptoms may change from time to time. These symptoms only occur prior to their period and not during pregnancy or menstruation.

Full Form of PMS - Symptoms of PMS - Causes of PMS
Full Form of PMS – Symptoms of PMS – Causes of PMS

Causes of PMS:

The causes of PMS are not clear. However, there are certain factors that might be involved. Such as changes in hormones during the menstrual cycle, chemical changes in the brain, stress and emotional problems such as depression. They are not the proper causes of PMS but they make the condition worst.


The treatment of PMS requires a regular prototype of emotional and physical symptoms that occurs after ovulation and before menstruation. However, if the condition worsens, the doctor might prescribe a few medications for this syndrome. Some of the medications advised by the gynecologists are Antidepressants, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Diuretics, and Hormonal contraceptives.

Period, or scientifically known as Menstruation, is an essential process in any woman’s body. It performs certain very essential functions, which are required for healthy functioning of the body. So even though annoying at times, Menstruation has a purpose with value.

Having said that, before the onset of Menstrual cycle, generally one or two weeks before it, a woman may go through some symptoms, which may affect her physically or emotionally. The most common symptoms are irritation, annoyance, moodiness, tender breasts, etc. It is believed that they are resultants of hormonal changes that are natural to menstrual cycle.

These symptoms may not necessarily follow the same pattern, and may change over time. Although the cause of Pre-Menstrual Syndromes (PMS) is still beyond scientists knowledge, Calcium and Vitamin D intakes can help alleviate the effects of these symptoms.

It will be interesting to note that for quite a long time, PMS was considered to be a figment of imagination and that the symptoms may be accidental happenings or imaginations. In fact, there is an ongoing debate on the issue of PMS as an illness. Thus, it could be safely commented that PMS is not just a woman issue.